Out of the numerous eye conditions that are known to man, a significant percentage falls under the age-related eye disorders. As people age, their bodies become more vulnerable to sickness and disease. Presbyopia is one of the most common types of age-related vision disorders. It is often referred to as the aging eye condition. Individuals who develop presbyopia, experience difficulties focusing up close, which is generally linked to refraction in the eye. The problem is caused by the stiffening or hardening of the natural lens. This loss of flexibility makes it harder for the eyes to focus when viewing something up close.
It is important to understand that when people are at a much younger age, the lens in their eyes are very soft and flexible. These lens can change its shape quite easily making it easy to focus on objects regardless of the distance. Aging also causes the muscle fibers that surround and support the lens to become weaker, making it difficult for the eyes to zoom in and focus on objects up-close. What happens instead is that the light focuses behind the retina and produces inferior vision upon close up.
Are You at Risk of Presbyopia?
There is no other risk factor for presbyopia other than age. Individuals who are aged over 35 years have an increased chance of developing the aging eye condition. Although it is natural to feel the eye’s focusing power to diminish as people get older, some will develop a more severe case.
Signs and Symptoms
If you’re at risk for presbyopia, watch out for the following telltale signs so that you can schedule an appointment with an experienced Arizona eye doctor and get treatment for the condition.
Difficulty in reading, especially those in small print
Constant eye strain
There is a need to hold the material that you are reading farther from normal, which is usually just an arm’s distance
Experience problems viewing objects at a close distance
- Frequent and regular headaches
A visit to any trusted Arizona ophthalmologists normally involves taking a comprehensive dilated eye examination. This gives doctors an idea on how your eyes respond to light and if there is anything that requires treatment and medication.
How is Presbyopia Treated?
Presbyopia does not need invasive surgery. All it takes to manage presbyopia is through prescription glasses. It is a simple and safe method that provides the eye with a stronger focusing power in the lower part of the lens. On the other hand, if you have been prescribed contact lenses or glasses, then it might be time to get a new prescription.